Martial Arts (Care of the Young Athlete)

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</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s001p001">More than 6 million children in the United<br /> States participate in martial arts. Martial arts are known to improve social<br /> skills, discipline, and respect in children. Children can also improve their<br /> abilities to concentrate and focus on activities, as well as bettering their<br /> motor skills and self-confidence. Martial arts can be fun and beneficial at any<br /> age.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.p049">While the martial arts are relatively safe, injuries<br /> can happen because there is physical contact between opponents. The following is<br /> information from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) about how to prevent<br /> martial art injuries. Also included is an overview of martial arts forms.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s002" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Injury prevention and safety tips</h3> <ul id="peo_document275.en.s002l001" list-type="bullet"> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p001"> <strong>Instructors.</strong> Experienced<br /> instructors will teach at a level appropriate for your child’s<br /> age and maturity. Lessons should emphasize technique and self-control.<br /> Experienced instructors will carefully advance your child through more<br /> complex training. Lessons should also be fun. Visit a variety of<br /> instructors and ask about their experiences with young children and<br /> their teaching philosophy.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p002"> <strong>Technique.</strong> An<br /> instructor’s emphasis on technique and self-control is very<br /> important in limiting the risk for injury. Children should learn to<br /> punch and kick with their hands and feet in proper position and using<br /> the appropriate amount of force. Kicks and punches with the hand or foot<br /> in the wrong position can cause injuries to fingers and toes. Punches or<br /> kicks that are too hard can cause pain or bruises. Contact to the head<br /> should be discouraged.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p003"> <strong>Equipment.</strong> Safety gear<br /> should fit properly and be well maintained.</p> <ul id="peo_document275.en.s002l002" list-type="bullet"> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p004"> <strong>Headgear.</strong> When the<br /> rules allow, protective headgear should be worn for sparring or<br /> for activities with risk of falling, such as high jumps or<br /> flying kicks.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p005"> <strong>Body pads</strong> can help<br /> protect against scrapes and bruises and limit the pain from<br /> kicks and punches. Arm pads, shin pads, and chest protection for<br /> sparring.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p006"> <strong>Mouth guards.</strong> </p> </li> </ul> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s002p007"> <strong>Environment.</strong> Mats and<br /> floors should be safe to play on. Gaps between mats can cause sprained<br /> ankles. Wet or worn floors can cause slips and falls.</p> </li> </ul></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s003" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Common injuries</h3> <div id="peo_document275.en.s004" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Scrapes and bruises</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s003p001">Scrapes and bruises are by far the most<br /> common injuries seen in the martial arts. They often result from falls onto<br /> mats, kicks and punches that are “off target,” or when proper<br /> padding is not worn. All scrapes and cuts should be washed with soap and<br /> water and bandaged before returning to activity. Bruises are best treated<br /> with ice applied for 20 to 30 minutes. They will slowly get better and fade<br /> over 2 to 3 days.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s005" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Sprains and strains</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s005p001">Sprains and strains become more common as<br /> children get older. Ankles, knees, and elbows are the joints most often<br /> sprained. Muscle strains usually happen in the front (quadriceps) or the<br /> back (hamstrings) of the thigh. Most knee and ankle sprains occur either by<br /> landing awkwardly after a jump or by improper contact with a partner. Elbow<br /> and wrist injuries happen with falling, punching, or blocking. Muscle<br /> strains can occur with trying to kick too high or punch too hard without<br /> using correct form or having properly warmed up.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s006" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Finger and toe injuries</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s006p001">Finger and toe injuries are often due to the<br /> large amount of kicking and punching of padded targets. They may also happen<br /> when sparring with a partner. These injuries are usually the result of poor<br /> kicking and punching technique. Contact with the target should never be<br /> initiated with the fingers or toes. Jammed fingers result from holding the<br /> hand in the wrong position (fingers spread) or if the toes are used to hit<br /> the target (instead of the heel or top of the foot).</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s006p002">Any injury that is associated with a<br /> dislocation, deformity, inability to straighten or bend the finger, or<br /> significant pain should be examined by a doctor. X-rays are usually needed.<br /> Buddy tape may be all that is needed to return to sports; however, this<br /> cannot be assumed without an exam and x-ray. Swelling often persists for<br /> weeks to months after a finger joint sprain. Ice, nonsteroidal<br /> anti-inflammatory drugs, and range of motion exercises are important for<br /> treatment.</p> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s007" class="disp-level2"> <h3>Head injuries</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p001">Concussions can occur in martial arts if<br /> children fall and strike their heads, or if they are kicked or punched in<br /> the head. A concussion is any injury to the brain that disrupts normal brain<br /> function on a temporary or permanent basis.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p002">The signs and symptoms of a concussion range<br /> from subtle to obvious and usually happen right after the injury but may<br /> take hours to days to show up. Athletes who have had concussions may report<br /> feeling normal before their brain has fully recovered. With most<br /> concussions, the player is not knocked out or unconscious.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p003">Prematurely returning to play after a<br /> concussion can lead to another concussion or even death. An athlete with a<br /> history of concussion is more susceptible to another injury than an athlete<br /> with no history of concussion. Once a concussion has occurred, it is<br /> important to make sure the helmet is fitted properly. If the concussion<br /> occurred due to the player leading with the head to make a tackle, he should<br /> be strongly discouraged from continuing that practice.</p> <p id="peo_document275.en.s007p004"> <strong>All concussions are serious, and all athletes with suspected<br /> concussions should not return to play until they see a doctor. The AAP<br /> recommends children avoid sports that reward blows to the head.</strong> </p> </p></div> </p></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s008" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Types of martial arts</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p001">The term <italic>martial arts</italic> can be<br /> used to describe any number of styles or disciplines of self-defense practices.<br /> There are many different styles practiced around the world, with the most<br /> popular forms being karate, tae kwon do, and judo.</p> <ul id="peo_document275.en.s008l001" list-type="bullet"> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p002"> <strong>Karate (KAH-rah-teh) means<br /> “empty hand,” as it is normally practiced without<br /> weapons.</strong> Karate is a traditional Japanese form. The hands and<br /> feet are trained and prepared for use in a weaponless form of self-<br /> defense.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p003"> <strong>Tae kwon do (tahy-kwon-doh) means<br /> “the way of foot and fist.”</strong> This is a<br /> traditional Korean martial art. It is also the most popular. This form<br /> highlights discipline, respect, and personal growth and focuses on the<br /> use of the feet for powerful kicks in self-defense.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p004"> <strong>Judo (joo-doh) means<br /> “gentle way” and is known for a variety of throwing<br /> techniques.</strong> It uses many methods to control an opponent while<br /> on the ground. In many ways it is more similar to wrestling than to the<br /> other martial arts.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p005"> <strong>Kung fu (kung-foo) most commonly<br /> translates to “hard work” and is one of the oldest<br /> forms of martial arts.</strong> The term may be used to describe all<br /> of the hundreds of Chinese martial arts. Kung fu is mainly a<br /> “stand-up” form of the martial arts, known for its<br /> powerful blocks. Wushu is the most popular and modern form of kung<br /> fu.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p006"> <strong>Aikido (eye-key-do) means<br /> “way of harmony.”</strong> This Japanese martial art is<br /> known as a throwing style. It teaches a nonaggressive approach to<br /> self-defense, focusing on joint locks, throws, and restraining<br /> techniques, rather than kicks and punches. While aikido may be learned<br /> at any age, it is especially popular among women and older adults.<br /> Aikido is not practiced as a competitive sport.</p> </li> <li> <p id="peo_document275.en.s008p007"> <strong>Jujitsu (joo-jit-soo) means<br /> “the art of softness” and emphasizes techniques that<br /> allow a smaller fighter to overcome a bigger, stronger<br /> opponent.</strong> First practiced in Japan, jujutsu is considered a<br /> ground fighting or grappling style of the martial arts. Many of the<br /> forms have been incorporated into other martial arts such as judo,<br /> karate, and aikido. The arm lock and submission techniques have been<br /> taught to police all over the world.</p> </li> </ul></div> <div id="peo_document275.en.s009" class="disp-level1"> <h3>Remember</h3> <p id="peo_document275.en.s009p001">Martial arts injuries can be prevented with<br /> proper supervision and compliance with the rules and safety guidelines in place<br /> for martial arts.</p> </p></div> <p></body></p> <div id="pedweblogo"><a href="http://www.pediatricweb.com" target="_blank"><img src="https://www.pediatricweb.com/images/poweredbyPW.gif" alt="Powered by Pediatric Web" border="0" /></a> <br /><a style="font-size: 9px;color: #000000;" href="http://www.pediatricweb.com/disclaimer.asp" target="_blank">disclaimer</a><br /><span style="font-size:0.8em;">Denver Data Feed</span></div> </div> </article> </main> <div class="col-xs-12 col-md-3"> <div class="sidebar" role="complementary"> </div> </div> </div> </div> <footer class="footer" role="contentinfo"> <div class="footer-top"> <div class="container"> <div class="row"> <div class="col-xs-12 col-md-2"><div class="widget widget_black_studio_tinymce"><h6 class="footer-top__headings">LOCATIONS</h6><div class="textwidget"><p style="color: #ffffff;"><a href="http://pediatricpartnersmd.net/bel-air-north-park/" style="color: #ffffff;"><strong>Bel Air - 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